柬埔寨

Kingdom of Cambodia

Capital Phnom Penh
Official languages Khmer
Official script Khmer script
Ethnic groups(2013)

97.6% Khmer

1.2% Chams

0.1% Vietnamese

0.1% Chinese

0.9% Other

Religion

Official:

Theravada Buddhism

Other religions:

Islam

Christianity

other

Demonym Cambodian, Kampuchean

Government

Unitary dominant-partyparliamentary

electiveconstitutional monarchy

• Monarch Norodom Sihamoni
• Prime Minister Hun Sen
• President of the Senate Say Chhum
• President of the National Assembly Heng Samrin
Legislature Parliament
• Upper house Senate
• Lower house National Assembly
Area
• Total 181,035 km2
• Water (%) 2%

Formation

• Kingdom of Funan 68–550
• Kingdom of Chenla 550–706
• Khmer Empire 802–1431
• Independence(from France) 9 November 1953
• Paris Peace Accords 23 October 1991
• Monarchy restored 24 September 1993
• ASEAN Declaration 30 April 1999

Population

• July 2016 estimate 15957223
• 2008 census 13395682
• Density 81.8/km2 (211.9/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total $64.405 billion
• Per capita $4,022
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total $20.953 billion
• Per capita $1,308
Gini (2011) 31.8
HDI (2015) 0.563
Currency Riel (KHR)
Time zone (UTC+7)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +855
ISO 3166 code +KH
Internet TLD kh

Cambodia, officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 square miles) in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.

In 2016 Cambodia's per capita income is $3,735 in PPP and $1,227 in nominal per capita. Cambodia graduated from the status of a Least Developed Country to a Lower Middle Income country in the same year 2016. Most rural households depend on agriculture and its related sub-sectors. Rice, fish, timber, garments and rubber are Cambodia's major exports. The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) reintroduced more than 750 traditional rice varieties to Cambodia from its rice seed bank in the Philippines. These varieties had been collected in the 1960s.

Agriculture is the traditional mainstay of the Cambodian economy. Agriculture accounted for 90 percent of GDP in 1985 and employed approximately 80 percent of the work force. Rice is the principal commodity. Major secondary crops include maize, cassava, sweet potatoes, groundnuts, soybeans, sesame seeds, dry beans, and rubber. The principal commercial crop is rubber. In the 1980s it was an important primary commodity, second only to rice, and one of the country's few sources of foreign exchange.

The foreign relations of Cambodia are handled by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs under Prak Sokhon. Cambodia is a member of the United Nations, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund. It is a member of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), ASEAN, and joined the WTO in 2004. In 2005 Cambodia attended the inaugural East Asia Summit in Malaysia.

Cambodia has established diplomatic relations with numerous countries; the government reports twenty embassies in the country including many of its Asian neighbours and those of important players during the Paris peace negotiations, including the US, Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (EU), Japan, and Russia. As a result of its international relations, various charitable organisations have assisted with social, economic, and civil infrastructure needs.

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