老挝

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Capital Vientiane
Official languages Lao
Spoken languages

Lao

Hmong

Khmu

French

Ethnic groups(2005)

53.2% Lao

11% Khmu

9.2% Hmong

3.4% Phouthay

3.1% Tai

2.5% Makong

2.2% Katang

2.0% Lue

1.8% Akha

11.6% other

Religion

Buddhism 64.7%

None 31.4%

Christianity 1.7%

Other 2.1%

Demonym

Laotian

Lao

Government

Unitary   Marxist–Leninist   one-partysocialist   republic

• General Secretaryand President Bounnhang Vorachith
• Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith
• Vice President Phankham Viphavanh
• National Assembly President Pany Yathotou
Formation National Assembly

Formation

• Kingdom of Lan Xang 1354–1707
• Luang Phrabang,Vientiane andChampasak 1707–1778
• Vassal of Thonburiand Siam 1778–1893
• War of Succession 1826–8
• French Indochina 1893–1949
• Independence fromFrance 19 July 1949
• Declared Independence 22 October 1953
• Laotian civil war 9 November 1953 – 2 December 1975
• Lao Monarchyabolished 2 December 1975
• Current constitution 14 August 1991
• ASEAN Decleration 23 July 1997

Area

• Total 237,955 km2(91,875 sq mi)
• Water (%) 2

Population

• 2014 (Jul) estimate 6,803,699
• 2015 census 6,492,228
• Density 26.7/km2 (69.2/sq mi)

GDP (PPP)2017 estimate

• Total $44.639 billion
• Per capita $6,115
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total $14.971 billion
• Per capita $2,051
Gini (2008) 36.7
HDI (2015) 0.586
Currency Kip (LAK)
Time zone ICT
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code 856
Calling code LA
Internet TLD .la

Laos, officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic, or commonly referred to its colloquial name of Muang Lao is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest, and Thailand to the west and southwest.

Laos is the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia, and it lies mostly between latitudes 14° and 23°N (a small area is south of 14°), and longitudes 100° and 108°E. Its thickly forested landscape consists mostly of rugged mountains, the highest of which is Phou Bia at 2,818 metres (9,245 ft), with some plains and plateaus. The Mekong River forms a large part of the western boundary with Thailand, whereas the mountains of the Annamite Range form most of the eastern border with Vietnam and the Luang Prabang Range the northwestern border with the Thai highlands. There are two plateaux, the Xiangkhoang in the north and the Bolaven Plateau at the southern end. The climate is tropical and influenced by the monsoon pattern.

The Lao economy depends heavily on investment and trade with its neighbours, Thailand, Vietnam, and, especially in the north, China. Subsistence agriculture still accounts for half of the GDP and provides 80 percent of employment. Only 4.01 percent of the country is arable land, and a mere 0.34 percent used as permanent crop land, the lowest percentage in the Greater Mekong Subregion. Rice dominates agriculture, with about 80 percent of the arable land area used for growing rice. Approximately 77 percent of Lao farm households are self-sufficient in rice.

Laos is a member of the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), East Asia Summit and La Francophonie. Laos applied for membership of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1997; on 2 February 2013, it was granted full membership.

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